Chain Mail Neckties
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About Unicorn's Garden
General Metal/Stone Info
Making of Pierced Pendants
Sterling Silver is an alloy
of 92.5% silver and 7.5% other metal (usually copper.) Also known as .925
Sterling. The other metal is added to make the silver stronger.
Nickel, also called nickel
silver or German silver, contains no silver. It is an alloy of 65% copper,
17% zinc and 18% nickel. The Nickel we use contains no cadmium which many
people are allergic to and can cause health problems.
Red Brass, also known as
Jeweler's Bronze or Merlin's Gold, is an alloy of 85% copper and 15% zinc.
Yellow Brass is an alloy
of 70% copper and 30% zinc. The lower amount of copper and higher amount
of zinc makes this a yellow brass.
Specific Gemstone Stone Information:
Cabochon Stones A-E,
Faceted Stones A-E,
Natural: Stones formed
by nature that may have a treatment applied to them to enhance or preserve
Lab-Created/Laboratory Grown Synthetic:
Stones that are manmade and have the same optical, physical, chemical
qualities of the natural stones of the same name.
that look like natural stones but do not have the same optical, physical,
or chemical qualities of the natural stones they are simulating.
Assembled: Assembled from
multiple layers or combinations of manufactured and/or natural material
fused, bonded or otherwise joined together to create a unique design or
generate unusual color combinations.
Coated: Coating on the
surface with such enhancements as lacquering, enameling, inking, foiling
or sputtering of films to improve appearance, provide color or add other
Dyed: Dyed by the introduction
of coloring matter to give a new color, intensify present color or improve
Heat-treated: Heated to
effect desired alterations of color, clarity and/or phenomena.
Oiled: Oiling/resin infusion;
the filling of surface breaking fissures with colorless oil, wax, resin
or other colorless substances, except glass or plastic. to improve the
using a colorless bonding agent (such as plastic); used on porous gemstones
to add durability and improve appearance.
using neutrons, gamma rays, beta particles or high energy elections to
alter color. May be followed by a heating process.
Diffusion: Diffusion; chemicals
used in conjunction with high temperatures to produce color and/or asterism-producing
Wax: Waxing/oiling; impregnation
of colorless wax, paraffin and oil in porous, opaque or translucent gemstones
to improve appearance.
Shows the hardness of minerals in a range of 1 to 10 where talc at 1
is the softest and diamond at 10 is the hardest. On this scale minerals
with higher Mohs numbers can scratch minerals with lower Mohs numbers.
The steps along the scale are not regular, for example #2 and #3 are close
in hardness where as #10 is 80 times harder than #9.
Hardness refers to a minerals resistance to scratching. Although diamonds
can only be scratched by another diamond they can be cleaved (chipped/broken)
by a sharp blow.
| Mohs Scale
Hardness of common items
2.5 fingernail, fine gold, fine
5.5 window glass
6 knife blade
6.5 steel file
June: Pearl, Alexandrite
Americian Gem Society 2005
March: Bloodstone, Jasper
April: Diamond, Sapphire
George Frederick Kuntz 1971
Capricorn the Goat
Aquarius the Water Bearer
Pisces the Fish
Aries the Ram
Taurus the Bull
Gemini the Twins
Cancer the Crab
Leo the Lion
Virgo the Virgin
Libra the Scales
Scorpio the Scorpion
Sagittarius the Archer
|Dec. 22-Jan. 20
Jan. 21-Feb. 19
Feb. 20-Mar. 20
Mar. 21-Apr. 20
Apr. 21-May 21
May 22-June 21
June 22-July 22
July 23-Aug. 23
Aug. 24-Sept. 23
Sept. 24-Oct. 23
Oct. 24-Nov. 22
Nov. 23-Dec. 21
|Cabochon Stones A-E,
Faceted Stones A-E,